Livestock versus Wildlife

Grazing Competition with Wildlife

Forage Allocation
Forage Use

Predator Control to Protect Livestock

Predators Killed by USDA Wildlife Services FY1999 8
Animal
Number
Coyote
85,938
Fox
6,182
Bobcat
2,435
Badger
601
Black bear
359
Mountain lion
347
Total
95,862

1. Cited in R. R. Kindschy, C. Sundstrom, and J. D. Yoakum, 1982, Wildlife habitats in managed rangelands-the Great Basin of southeastern Oregon: pronghorns, Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW 145, USDA-Forest Service; USDI-BLM, Portland, OR: 6.
2. GAO. 1988. Public rangelands: some riparian areas restored but widespread improvement will be slow. RCED-88-105. General Accounting Office. Washington, DC: 12.
3. Willers, B. 2002. Where bison once roamed: the impacts of cattle and sheep on native herbivore. Pages 241-244 in G. Wuerthner and M. Matteson (eds.). WELFARE RANCHING: THE SUBSIDIZED DESTRUCTION OF THE AMERICAN WEST. Foundation for Deep Ecology/Island Press. Covelo, CA. (p. 243, citing U.S. Dept. Agric., 1976, National Range Handbook; and Wyoming Game and Fish Dept., 1998, internal data); and other sources.
4. Willers, B. 2002. Where bison once roamed: the impacts of cattle and sheep on native herbivore. Pages 241-244 in G. Wuerthner and M. Matteson (eds.). WELFARE RANCHING: THE SUBSIDIZED DESTRUCTION OF THE AMERICAN WEST. Foundation for Deep Ecology/Island Press. Covelo, CA. (p. 243, citing U.S. Dept. Agric., 1976, National Range Handbook; and Wyoming Game and Fish Dept., 1998, internal data); and other sources.
5. Forest Guardians. undated. Grazing to extinction (factsheet). Forst Guardians. Sante Fe, NM.
6. Baskin, Y. 1997. THE WORK OF NATURE: HOW THE DIVERSITY OF LIFE SUSTAINS US. Island Press. Washington, DC: 165.
7. Miller, B., G. Ceballos, R. Reading. 1994. The prairie dog and biotic diversity. Cons. Biol. 8(3): 678 (citing R. Reading, 1993, Toward an endangered species reintroduction paradigm: a case study of the black-footed ferret. Ph.D. Diss., Yale Univ., New Haven, CT).
8. Predators killed in 17 western states. Predator Conservation Alliance. 2001. Wildlife "Services?" A presentation and analysis of the USDA Wildlife Services Program's expenditures and kill figures for fiscal year 1999. Predator Conservation Alliance. Bozeman, MT: 7.
9. USDA-NASS. 1996. 1995 cattle and calf losses valued at $1.8 billion. USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Statistics Board. (released May 17, 1996). Available at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/livestock/pct-bbpl/. More livestock are killed by domesticated dogs than mountain lions, bobcats, bears, and wolves, combined.
10. USDA-NASS. 1996. 1995 cattle and calf losses valued at $1.8 billion. USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Statistics Board. (released May 17, 1996). Available at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/livestock/pct-bbpl/.