Social Benefits of the Multiple-Use Conflict
Many social benefits would result from the enactment of the Multiple-Use Conflict
Resolution Act (MUCRA, H.R. 3166). MUCRA would establish a voluntary grazing permit/lease
buyout program for grazing allotments experiencing conflicts with other multiple
uses of federal public lands. A few of the many benefits are listed below.
1. Resolve conflicts over public lands management in a fair and equitable
While the Taylor Grazing Act and other laws permit livestock grazing on public
lands, many subsequent statutes and caselaw conflict with Congress' original direction
on grazing, rendering public lands grazing more problematic for both permittees/lessees
and federal land management agencies. Depending on jurisdiction, these laws include:
These laws often prevail over the Taylor Grazing Act and other federal grazing
statutes in litigation, complicating land management for federal agencies and
creating hardship for permittees/lessees. MUCRA would help to resolve these
legal conflicts more quickly and efficiently, and to the advantage of both permittees/lessees
and the environment.
- Endangered Species Act
- Clean Water Act
- National Environmental Policy Act
- National Forest Management Act
- Federal Lands Policy and Management Act
- National Wildlife Refuge Management Improvement Act
- National Park Service Organic Act
- Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
Reduce litigation over public lands management.
Congress enacted the latter set of environmental laws because the American people
demanded environmental protection and conservation of natural resources. When
these laws are not being enforced or obeyed, citizens can sue the responsible
federal land management agency in federal court. The agencies usually lose lawsuits
over public lands grazing conflicts, and the court's decision almost always requires
federal managers to impose additional restrictions on public lands grazing operations.
When faced with litigation and/or increased agency enforcement, permittees/lessees
should have the option to simply retire their grazing permit/lease for compensation
rather than suffer the inevitable costly mandates to change their grazing operations.
With MUCRA, litigation would also be significantly reduced in the future.
3. Free up agency resources from defending against lawsuits, preparing paperwork,
and responding to public lands grazing conflicts.
Attempting to insulate themselves from legal challenge, federal land management
agencies are preparing ever more paperwork to defend their grazing programs (rather
than actually correcting illegal grazing practices). This is an unnecessary burden
on the agencies themselves, as well as affected permittees/lessees and the public.
Ironically, creating a mountain of paperwork neither means, nor proves, compliance
with federal environmental laws. There is a better alternative. If grazing
allotments were retired under MUCRA, the agency and the former permittee/lessee
would no longer be required to spend time and resources complying both procedurally
and substantively with environmental statutes and regulations. Agency personnel
could better spend their time doing more productive tasks.
4. Reduce new species listings and speed recovery of listed species under the
Endangered Species Act.
The purpose of the Endangered Species Act is to prevent the extinction of species.
The act explicitly states that the government should recover listed species so
that the protections of the ESA are no longer necessary. (1)
In their attempt to conserve species affected by livestock grazing, federal land
management agencies (usually under court order) often impose additional terms
and conditions on federal grazing permits and leases. Unfortunately, these terms
and conditions are usually biologically inadequate to recover species, while still
imposing significant new costs and limitations on public lands grazing operations.
MUCRA would be a more effective, less expensive tool for recovering sensitive
species. And the grazing allotments permanently retired from grazing would become
new refuges for species from surrounding detrimental land uses.
The rules have changed on public lands grazing permittees/lessees. Environmental
statutes, regulations, and policies will continue to require additional restrictions
on public lands grazing. This is the case even under an Administration sympathetic
to permittees/lessees and unsympathetic to the environment. Economic conditions
also disfavor public lands ranchers, while an increasingly urban population
in the West is demanding more environmental amenities over traditional commodity
production from their public lands.
When a federal land management agency, either on its own or by court order,
reduces livestock grazing, the permittee/lessee is not only forced to find other
forage to continue their operation, but also suffers lost permit/lease asset
value. Although public lands grazing is not a right that must be compensated
when the federal government reduces or eliminates grazing privileges, the financial
and real estate markets have long recognized a monetary capital value in federal
grazing permits/leases. A voluntary permit/lease buyout program also recognizes
this permit/lease value and would help to make permittees/lessees whole again
if they decide to retire their allotment.
Congress has a record of acknowledging changing economic and social conditions
in agriculture and industry, including authorizing fishing permit buyouts, the
peanut quota buyout and the tobacco quota buyout. MUCRA would continue this
tradition of assistance to marginalized agricultural communities.
1. 16 U.S.C. § 1532(3). "The terms
'conserve', 'conserving', and 'conservation' mean to use and the use of all methods
and procedures which are necessary to bring any endangered species or threatened
species to the point at which the measures provided pursuant to this chapter are
no longer necessary." See also 16 U.S.C. § 1531(b) ("The purposes
of this chapter are to provide a means whereby the ecosystems upon which endangered
species and threatened species depend may be conserved