Cattle do not Replace Bison

Domestic livestock (cattle) cannot replace bison extirpated from North American mountains and plains due to significant differences in diet, grazing, water use, movements, and predator defense. Most varieties of livestock evolved in moist Eurasian woodlands and are poorly adapted to the arid West. They have a much different, and greater impact on native ecosystems than buffalo.

Information on this page is adapted or quoted from "Myth: Cattle Have Replaced the Bison," in Welfare Ranching: The Subsidized Destruction of the American West (p. 11).

For more information, see "Where Bison Once Roamed: The Impacts of Cattle and Sheep on Native Herbivores," in Welfare Ranching: The Subsidized Destruction of the American West .