Predator Control to Protect Livestock

Federal funds spent by USDA-Wildlife Services to kill 94,502 predators in seventeen western states (FY 1999): $10.8 million.1

Percent of USDA-Wildlife Services predator control budget spent to protect livestock on public lands: 75 percent.2

Percent of predator control budget paid by ranchers: 1 percent.3

Percent of cattle and calf losses attributed to predation (1995): 2.7 percent.4

Percent of cattle and calf losses attributed to digestive problems, respiratory difficulties, calving complications, weather and other causes (1995): 97.3 percent.5

Predators Killed by USDA Wildlife Services FY1999 6
Animal
Number
Coyote
85,262
Fox
5,531
Bobcat
2,419
Badger
589
Mountain lion
359
Black bear
342
     Total
94,502
Cattle and Calf Losses 1995
Non-predator Loss
Percent
Digestive Problems
19.7
Respiratory Difficulties
27.5
Calving Complications
14.8
Weather
9.5
Poison
1.1
Theft
0.4
Other Causes
9.1
Unknown Causes
15.2
     Total Non-predator Loss
97.3
Predators
2.7

The Predator Conservation Alliance in Bozeman, Montana, publishes an annual report on predator control by Wildlife Services. Click here for the Alliance's 2002 report.

Berger, K. M. 2006. Carnivore-livestock conflicts: effects of subsidized predator control and economic correlates on the sheep industry. Conservation Biology 20(3): 751. [abstract]


1. Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming. Predator Conservation Alliance. 2001. Wildlife "Services?" A presentation and analysis of the USDA Wildlife Services Program's expenditures and kill figures for fiscal year 1999. Predator Conservation Alliance. Bozeman, MT: 6.
2. O'Toole, R. 1994. Audit of the USDA Animal Damage Control Program. Cascade Holistic Economic Consultants. Oak Grove, OR: 1.
3. Rogers, P. 1999. Cash cows. San Jose Mercury News (Nov. 7, 1999): 6S.
4. USDA-NASS. 1996. 1995 cattle and calf losses valued at $1.8 billion. USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Statistics Board. (released May 17, 1996). Available at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/livestock/pct-bbpl/ctpr059.txt. More livestock are killed by domesticated dogs than mountain lions, bobcats, bears, and wolves, combined.
5. USDA-NASS. 1996. 1995 cattle and calf losses valued at $1.8 billion. USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Statistics Board. (released May 17, 1996). Available at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/livestock/pct-bbpl/ctpr059.txt.
6. Predators killed in 17 western states. Predator Conservation Alliance. 2001. Wildlife "Services?" A presentation and analysis of the USDA Wildlife Services Program's expenditures and kill figures for fiscal year 1999. Predator Conservation Alliance. Bozeman, MT: 6.